Linda Wray uses a lifespan developmental perspective, behavior change theory, demographic techniques, and large representative data sets to explore how the social environment, biomarkers, health behaviors, and chronic conditions are linked in midlife and older age. In a recent study, she looked at how marital status is associated with self-efficacy and adherence to recommended diabetes-related behavior changes and, in turn, to enhanced health outcomes in adults living with type 2 diabetes. In another, she and her colleagues investigated how health behaviors and chronic conditions influence cognitive decline. Her overarching goals are to better understand health risks across the lifespan and, in turn, to enhance prevention and management of chronic conditions and to reduce the consequences of those conditions for social roles, for middle-aged and older adults in general, as well as across key social groups. Dr. Wray teaches courses in health promotion applications and gender and biobehavioral health.